The history of the recognition of women’s rights has been marked by a series of significant steps towards achievement of gender equity. A number of these advances have been made against a dramatic or epoch-making scenario such as war or revolution, when stereotypes preventing women from achieving better social positions were abandoned in response to temporary needs. Once the emergency was over women were once more relegated to their traditional sphere of activities, but their efforts were not thwarted completely. Some of those who had shown outstanding ability continued to work in positions that had formerly been the preserve of men, and thus paved the way for other women to follow. Military organizations were no exception in this respect: step by step women gained increasing access to our working environment, once considered extremely conservative and hostile to their admission.
Nowadays female soldiers have access to almost all military specialties and are fully integrated into the military organization, except in a few specific settings such as the special forces or submarine crews. There is now a broad consensus that only in tasks relying mainly on physical strength are women likely to be outperformed by men.
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